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Natural Resources in Africa


Note: This report is an extract from the book "Grow Rich in the New Africa".

Table of content: Part 1: Forests
  Part 2: Water
  Part 3: Natural Beauty
  Part 4: Minerals
  Part 5: Investments in the Mining Sector

Minerals

Africa is known the world over for its mineral, gas, and oil resources. The following table gives an overview of the most important metals and minerals that can be found in Africa.

Mineral Main Producing Countries Other Producing Countries Countries with Potential
Platinum South Africa Zimbabwe  
Gold South Africa
Ghana
Tanzania
Mali
DR Congo
Burkina Faso
Côte d’Ivoire
Egypt
and many more
Nigeria
Liberia
Sierra Leone
Bauxite Guinea Ghana Madagascar
Diamonds Botswana
DR Congo
South Africa
Namibia
Angola
Liberia
Sierra Leone
Central Africa Republic
Zimbabwe
Copper Zambia South Africa
DR Congo
 
Chromite South Africa Zimbabwe Madagascar
Manganese South Africa Gabon
Ghana
 
Cobalt DR Congo Zambia
Morocco
 
Tantalum DR Congo Rwanda
Uganda
 
Phosphate Morocco Tunisia Togo
Niger
Uganda
Coal South Africa Botswana
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
Oil Nigeria
Angola
Algeria
Libya
Sudan
South Sudan
DR Congo
Republic of Congo
Gabon
Equatorial Guinea
Ghana

Namibia
Kenya
Tanzania
Uganda
Côte d’Ivoire
Somalia
São Tomé and Principe

Natural Gas Algeria
Egypt
Nigeria
Libya
 

The following table gives an overview of some important resource-rich African countries and their major resources.

Country Main Resources % of World Production Resources Rank Worldwide
Algeria Oil 2 % 17
Angola Oil
Diamonds
  15
Dem. Rep. of Congo Tantalum
Cobalt
Copper
Gold
Diamonds
17 %
40 %
3 %
 
Ghana Gold   8
Guinea Bauxite 20 % 1
Liberia Iron Ore    
Libya Oil 2 % 20
Mali Gold    
Morocco Phosphate 75 % 1
Nigeria Oil 3 % 12
South Africa Gold
Platinum
Chromite
Manganese
Coal

75 % (2010)
42 %
15 %
4 %
1
1
1 (70 %)
1 (80 %)
5 (4 %)
Tanzania Gold    
Zambia Copper 4 % 8
Zimbabwe Platinum
Chromite
  3

> Continue to part 5